Twenty young asymptomatic diabetic patients were evaluated for left ventricular dysfunction by determining the radionuclide ejection fraction response to supine bicycle ergometry. The double product at peak exercise (28,743 +/- 3,314 vs 29,007 +/- 3,625, p greater than .05) was not significantly different between the two groups. Seven of 20 diabetics had either no change or a drop in their ejection fraction during exercise while 1 of 20 control subjects had no change in ejection fraction. There was no correlation between the FBS (r = .26) and HbA1c (r = .32) and ejection fraction change during exercise, although those diabetics with LV dysfunction tended to have a higher HbA1c level as compared to diabetics with a normal response (16.8 +/- 3.1 percent vs 12.5 +/- 3.8 percent respectively, p greater than .05). The LV systolic dysfunction in young asymptomatic diabetic subjects does not appear to correlate with the degree of acute or chronic hyperglycemia, and therefore, is not a direct function of the dynamic metabolic state of diabetes.