Subclavian Artery Disease: Diagnosis and Therapy.

Abstract

The diagnosis of brachiocephalic disease is often overlooked. Symptoms include arm claudication and vertebrobasilar insufficiency. In patients who have had the use of the internal mammary artery for coronary bypass surgery, the development of symptoms of myocardial ischemia should alert the clinician to the possibility of subclavian artery stenosis. Also… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2016.12.027

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