Splenic trauma with hematoma following extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is very rare. We reported a case of subcapsular hematoma of spleen with impending rupture following ESWL for ureteral calculus. This case was noted to have liver cirrhosis and splenomegaly, and received a total of 2000 shock waves under 18 kilovoltage. The subcapsular hematoma occurred 2 months later. Splenectomy was undertaken for a symptomatic huge subcapsular hematoma and thrombocytopenia. We reviewed the literature and concluded that portal hypertension with severe coagulopathy are contraindications for ESWL, even in case with ureteral calculus.