Sub-lethal increases in salinity affect reproduction in fathead minnows.

  title={Sub-lethal increases in salinity affect reproduction in fathead minnows.},
  author={Zachary Hoover and Jordan N Weisgerber and Michael S. Pollock and Douglas P Chivers and Maud C O Ferrari},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},
Salinization poses a threat to many inland aquatic ecosystems, especially in areas where natural processes are compounded by anthropogenic salinization. Though physiological survival can be a challenge for stenohaline freshwater fishes facing increasing salinity, it is important to note that essential and complex activities such as reproduction may be affected well below physiological tolerance limits. Here, we exposed fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) to four levels of salinity in order to… CONTINUE READING