Studying Intellectual Outliers

  title={Studying Intellectual Outliers},
  author={Jonathan Wai and Martha Putallaz and Matthew C. Makel},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  pages={382 - 390}
By studying samples of intellectual outliers across 30 years, researchers can leverage right-tail data (i.e., samples at or above the 95th percentile on tests of ability) to uncover missing pieces to two psychological puzzles: whether there are sex differences in cognitive abilities among smart people, and whether test scores are rising (a phenomenon known as the Flynn effect) among smart people. For the first puzzle, data indicate that the high male-to-female ratio among extremely high scorers… 

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