Due to speed acceleration, higher requirements have been put forward to high speed railway communication and signaling system. The railway applications, including intra-train, train to ground and trackside networks, demand larger bandwidth, higher reliability and shorter response time from railway communication networks to ensure security operation and passenger communication. However, the current railway communication and signaling system has lagged behind the railway development, so advanced communication technologies are needed to improve the current situation. This paper presents high speed railway communication and signaling system based on 4G LTE technology, introduces its network architecture, key technology and analyzes its technical advantages compared with GSM-R system. According to analysis, LTE based high-speed railway communication network is more effective and reliable.