Study of personality factors in attempted suicide.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Suicidal attempt is becoming a major problem in the world, as it affects the person's career, life style, and family dynamics. Comorbid personality disorders are a risk factors for suicidal behavior. The aim of this study was to determine the various personality factors involved in attempted suicide. METHODS This is a descriptive study. This study was carried out in the patients, who attempted suicide, who were admitted in the wards of Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital during 1st January 2010 to 30th July 2010. The 16-PF scale was used in all the subjects. RESULTS Total 46 cases were studied. Six (13%) subjects were seen as having "schizothymic" traits. Sixteen(34.8%) of the subjects were seen as having low intelligent traits. Total 14 (30.4%) were seen as having affected by feelings. Seven (15.2%)were seen as having humble traits. Fifteen (32.6%) were seen as having sober traits and there are no cases of happy-go-lucky. Three (6.5%) were seen as having expedient. Eight (17.4%) were seen as having shy traits and there are no cases seen of venturesome traits. Total 14 (30.4%) were seen as having tough-minded traits. Eight (17.4%) were seen as having suspicious personality traits while nine(19.6%) were seen as having practical personality traits. Ten (21.7%) were seen as having shrewd personality traits. Total 17 (37.0%) were seen as having apprehensive personality traits. Twelve (26.1%) were seen as having experimenting personality traits and 6 (13.0%) were seen having group dependent personality traits. Among the patients, 10 (21.7%) were seen having undisciplined personality traits. Seven (15.2%) were seen having relaxed personality traits. Total 12 (23.1%)were seen having extroversion traits. Six (13.0%) were seen having low anxiety traits. Ten (21.7%) were seen having tender-minded emotionality personality traits. Seven (15.2%) were seen having subduedness personality traits. CONCLUSIONS Our study highlights the importance of personality factors in attempted suicide and these factors are at risk in attempting suicide, therefore, which can be implemented in prevention of suicide.

Cite this paper

@article{Pradhan2013StudyOP, title={Study of personality factors in attempted suicide.}, author={Sachindra N. Pradhan and Diwa Malla and Mukti Ram Shrestha}, journal={Journal of Nepal Health Research Council}, year={2013}, volume={11 23}, pages={56-61} }