Study of crib-biting and gastric inflammation and ulceration in young horses

  title={Study of crib-biting and gastric inflammation and ulceration in young horses},
  author={Christine Nicol and H P Davidson and Pat Harris and Aubrey J. Waters and A. Dan Wilson},
  journal={Veterinary Record},
  pages={658 - 662}
Nineteen young horses that had recently started to perform the stereotypy of crib-biting were compared with 16 non-stereotypic horses for 14 weeks. After initial observations of their behaviour and an endoscopic examination of the condition of their stomachs, the horses were randomly allocated to a control or an antacid diet. At the start of the trial, the stomachs of the crib-biting foals were significantly more ulcerated and inflamed than the stomachs of the normal foals. In addition, the… 
Gastric pH and cribbing frequency of horses treated with an oral antacid
ABSTRACT Eight mature cribbing horses were used to assess the effect of an oral antacid on cribbing behavior and gastric pH. Horses were maintained on bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) pasture with ad
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To identify if the anatomy and physiology of the equid stomach differed in CB horses and non–crib-biting (N-CB) controls a two-part experiment was conducted using cadaver stomachs and found a positive correlation between digesta and the mucosal surface of pyloric region inCB horses.
Investigation of specific stereotypic behaviors in horses
A negative association was identified between hours of daily turn-out and the probability of WCB, and a larger daily amount of concentrate was associated with a decrease in the odds of W (P < 0.05) and CB.
Ethological, endocrinological, and gastroscopic evaluation of crib-biting Colombian creole horses
It is hypothesize is that the control of this stereotypical behavior may be a mechanism to reduce the effect of stress and gastric ulceration–inducing factors in horses.
The prevalence and anatomical distribution of equine gastric ulceration syndrome (EGUS) in 201 horses in Denmark.
It is confirmed that gastric ulceration can be prevalent in a group of apparently clinically normal horses, not in intensive work, and differences in location of EGUS lesions were identified in different age groups, breed types and in horses exposed to different levels of work.
Behaviour and stress responses in horses with gastric ulceration
The prevalence of gastric ulcers was high, and the results suggest different factors affecting ulceration in the glandular versus the non-glandular region of the horse stomach.
Equine gastric ulcer syndrome in adult horses: A review
The oral administration of omeprazole has been shown to be effective in both treating horses with gastric ulceration and at preventing re-occurrence whilst the horses are in training, provided that daily dosing is maintained.
Estimation of Saliva Production in Crib-Biting and Normal Horses
Abstract Increasing saliva flow to buffer the stomach has been hypothesized as a basis for crib-biting in horses. Saliva amounts in seven cribbing and seven noncribbing (control) horses were compared
Association between cribbing and entrapment of the small intestine in the epiploic foramen in horses: 68 cases (1991-2002).
It is suggested that there may be an association between cribbing and EFE in horses, with horses with a history of cribbing more likely to have EFE than horses without such a history.
Crib-biting behavior in horses: A review
During the past decade, stereotypic behavior in horses, specifically crib-biting behavior, has received considerable attention in the scientific literature. Epidemiological and experimental studies


Evaluation of diet as a cause of gastric ulcers in horses.
Concentrations of acetic, propionic, and isovaleric acid were significantly higher in gastric juice, and number and severity of nonglandular squamous gastric lesions were significantly lower in horses fed alfalfa hay-grain, whereas valeric acid concentrations and butyric acid were useful in predicting severity of those lesions in Horses fed bromegrass hay.
Radiographic and endoscopic study of horses performing an oral based stereotypy.
The findings reported show that the sequence of events during crib-biting/wind-sucking is not related to deglutition and that air is not swallowed to the stomach and that the definitions currently used in the sale of horses are in need of revision.
Prevention of crib-biting: a review.
This paper reviews the efficacy and observable consequences of attempting to prevent crib-biting by a variety of methods and concludes that, rather than concentrating on remedial prevention, further research should be directed at establishing why horses crib-bite and how the emergence of crib- biting can be avoided.
Effect of ranitidine on intragastric pH in clinically normal neonatal foals.
Intravenous or oral administration of ranitidine significantly increased intragastric pH for 4 and 8 hours, respectively and underscored the need for frequent feeding of neonatal foals.
Understanding equine stereotypies.
  • C. Nicol
  • Medicine
    Equine veterinary journal. Supplement
  • 1999
Neither direct nor circumstantial evidence confirms anecdotal reports that horses copy stereotypies from each other, but experimental data suggest that oral stereotypies develop in response to a low forage diet but this may be partially adaptative.
Factors affecting behavioural disturbances in race-horses
The aim of the present study was to identify relations between stereotyped behaviours (cribbing, weaving and box-walking) and wood-chewing in thoroughbred flat-racing horses (TB) and standardbred
Factors influencing the development of stereotypic and redirected behaviours in young horses: findings of a four year prospective epidemiological study.
The results of this study support the idea that simple changes in feeding, housing and weaning practices could substantially lower the incidence of abnormal behaviour in young horses.
Thoracolumbar disc disease in large dogs: a study of 99 cases.
The records of 99 dogs weighing over 20 kg with thoracolumbar disc disease were reviewed and it was found that dogs with annular protrusions had a significantly worse outcome than dogs with nuclear extrusions.
Management factors associated with stereotypic and redirected behaviour in the thoroughbred horse.
The risk of horses performing abnormal behaviour increased as the amount of forage fell below 6.8 kg/day and management factors related to the time spent in the stable showed the strongest associations with stereotypic behaviour.
Effects of diet and feeding on postprandial serum gastrin and insulin concentrations in adult horses
There appeared to be some adaptation of the stomach to changes in diet, but this was not accompanied by indications of adaptation in the endocrine pancreas (insulin secretion).