Study of Micrometeoroid and Orbital Debris Effects on the Solar Panels Retrieved from the Space Station “MIR”

  title={Study of Micrometeoroid and Orbital Debris Effects on the Solar Panels Retrieved from the Space Station “MIR”},
  author={Vladimir M. Smirnov and Alexander Semenov and Vyacheslav G. Sokolov and V. P. Konoshenko and I. I. Kovalyov},
  journal={Space Debris},
A study of micrometeoroid and orbital debris (MMOD) long-term effects on solar cell samples of solar panels returned from the space station “MIR” has been carried out. Five samples from the solar array, which spent over 10 years in space, have been studied with the help of optical microscopes with magnification up to 1000. Craters with dimensions as small as 1 μm were registered. Additional large impact features were investigated by observing a large number of cells (∼150) with an optical… 
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