Studies on the time frame for ossification of the medial clavicular epiphyseal cartilage in conventional radiography

@article{Schmeling2004StudiesOT,
  title={Studies on the time frame for ossification of the medial clavicular epiphyseal cartilage in conventional radiography},
  author={Andreas Schmeling and Ronald Schulz and Walter Reisinger and Matthias R. M{\"u}hler and Klaus Wernecke and Gunther Geserick},
  journal={International Journal of Legal Medicine},
  year={2004},
  volume={118},
  pages={5-8}
}
Radiological assessment of the degree of ossification of the medial clavicular epiphyseal cartilage plays a vital part in forensic age diagnosis of living adolescents and young adults. A total of 873 plain chest radiographs requested by the staff medical officer for members of staff aged 16–30 at the University Hospital Charité were evaluated retrospectively. Of these X-rays 699 permitted an assessment of ossification of at least 1 side of the clavicle. In addition to the customary stages (1… 
Radiographic staging of ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis
TLDR
This study comparatively assessed conventional radiographs and computed tomography scans of sternoclavicular joints used to perform forensic age assessments in 57 individuals undergoing criminal proceedings to determine the stage of ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis.
CT evaluation of timing for ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis in a contemporary Western Australian population
TLDR
Evaluating the Schmeling five-stage system for the assessment of clavicular development in a Western Australian population confirms the reliability of the assessed method and demonstrates remarkable consistency to data reported for other global populations.
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TLDR
The iliac crest apophysis appears principally suitable as novel possible criterion for forensic age estimation in the living for routine diagnostics, however, further studies are needed focussing on the comparison of different grading systems and different radiological techniques.
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TLDR
It was concluded that sonographically determined stage 4 clavicular ossification provides evidence for the completion of the nineteenth year of life in males and the eighteenth year oflife in females.
Study of age dependence of epiphyseal ossification of the hand skeleton
TLDR
Epiphyseal ossification of selected elements of the hand skeleton was graded based on the criteria of the five-stage classification system of Schmeling et al. (Int J Legal Med, 118:5–8, 2004) and Stage 5 can be regarded as a potential parameter for valid determination of a minimum age of 18 years for forensic age estimation in criminal proceedings.
The pattern of medical clavicular epiphyseal ossification: preliminary study of a Sri Lankan population
TLDR
Clavicular epiphyseal fusion shows good potential to be a reliable FAE method in Sri Lanka and from the preliminary results, it appears that only stages 4 and 5 can be used reliably to determine if a person is >18 years.
The role of CT analyses of the sternal end of the clavicle and the first costal cartilage in age estimation
TLDR
Several radiological features of the first costal cartilage and medial clavicle that correlated with age were identified and which could be applied as additional guidance for age estimation in each specific case.
Identification of skeletal age using the ossification staging of medial clavicle epiphysis
TLDR
Investigating the feasibility of the ossification stage of the medial clavicular epiphysis in forensic bone age determination by CT and finding a criterion to determine whether an individual is adult or not found it helpful to use stage IIIB as a criterion.
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Na medida em que todas as obras da UC Digitalis se encontram protegidas pelo Código do Direito de Autor e Direitos Conexos e demais legislação aplicável, toda a cópia, parcial ou total, deste
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