Studies on the time frame for ossification of the medial clavicular epiphyseal cartilage in conventional radiography

  title={Studies on the time frame for ossification of the medial clavicular epiphyseal cartilage in conventional radiography},
  author={Andreas Schmeling and Ronald Schulz and Walter Reisinger and Matthias R. M{\"u}hler and Klaus Wernecke and Gunther Geserick},
  journal={International Journal of Legal Medicine},
Radiological assessment of the degree of ossification of the medial clavicular epiphyseal cartilage plays a vital part in forensic age diagnosis of living adolescents and young adults. A total of 873 plain chest radiographs requested by the staff medical officer for members of staff aged 16–30 at the University Hospital Charité were evaluated retrospectively. Of these X-rays 699 permitted an assessment of ossification of at least 1 side of the clavicle. In addition to the customary stages (1… 
Radiographic staging of ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis
This study comparatively assessed conventional radiographs and computed tomography scans of sternoclavicular joints used to perform forensic age assessments in 57 individuals undergoing criminal proceedings to determine the stage of ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis.
CT evaluation of timing for ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis in a contemporary Western Australian population
Evaluating the Schmeling five-stage system for the assessment of clavicular development in a Western Australian population confirms the reliability of the assessed method and demonstrates remarkable consistency to data reported for other global populations.
The iliac crest in forensic age diagnostics: evaluation of the apophyseal ossification in conventional radiography
The iliac crest apophysis appears principally suitable as novel possible criterion for forensic age estimation in the living for routine diagnostics, however, further studies are needed focussing on the comparison of different grading systems and different radiological techniques.
Sonographic assessment of the ossification of the medial clavicular epiphysis in 616 individuals
It was concluded that sonographically determined stage 4 clavicular ossification provides evidence for the completion of the nineteenth year of life in males and the eighteenth year oflife in females.
Study of age dependence of epiphyseal ossification of the hand skeleton
Epiphyseal ossification of selected elements of the hand skeleton was graded based on the criteria of the five-stage classification system of Schmeling et al. (Int J Legal Med, 118:5–8, 2004) and Stage 5 can be regarded as a potential parameter for valid determination of a minimum age of 18 years for forensic age estimation in criminal proceedings.
The pattern of medical clavicular epiphyseal ossification: preliminary study of a Sri Lankan population
Clavicular epiphyseal fusion shows good potential to be a reliable FAE method in Sri Lanka and from the preliminary results, it appears that only stages 4 and 5 can be used reliably to determine if a person is >18 years.
The role of CT analyses of the sternal end of the clavicle and the first costal cartilage in age estimation
Several radiological features of the first costal cartilage and medial clavicle that correlated with age were identified and which could be applied as additional guidance for age estimation in each specific case.
Identification of skeletal age using the ossification staging of medial clavicle epiphysis
Investigating the feasibility of the ossification stage of the medial clavicular epiphysis in forensic bone age determination by CT and finding a criterion to determine whether an individual is adult or not found it helpful to use stage IIIB as a criterion.


Bone age determination based on the study of the medial extremity of the clavicle
Despite the relatively long time spans of the maturation stages, bone age estimation based on the study of the development of the medial clavicular epiphysis may be a useful tool in forensic age identification in living individuals, especially if the age of the subject is about the end of the second or the beginning of the third decade of life.
Epiphyseal union of the anterior iliac crest and medial clavicle in a modern multiracial sample of American males and females.
This is the first skeletal investigation using a large sample of individuals of known age since the McKern and Stewart study of 1957 for epiphyseal union, and provides broader age ranges for the stages of union than previous studies.
Die computertomographisch bestimmte Ausreifung der medialen Klavikulaepiphyse : eine additive Methode zur Altersbestimmung im Adoleszentenalter und in der dritten Lebensdekade ?
CT is well suitable to determine the stages of epiphyseal union of the medial clavicle and may become a generally accepted method of age identification during adolescence and the 3rd decade of life.
Age Changes in the Clavicle: from the Early Neonatal Period to Skeletal Maturity
The aim of the present study was to chart developmental age-related change in the clavicle across its full growth range using juvenile and young adult material of documented age at death.
Epiphyseal fusion at the sternal end of the clavicle in a modern Portuguese skeletal sample
Na medida em que todas as obras da UC Digitalis se encontram protegidas pelo Código do Direito de Autor e Direitos Conexos e demais legislação aplicável, toda a cópia, parcial ou total, deste
Differences in the D/L aspartic acid ratios in dentin among different types of teeth from the same individual and estimated age
Results suggest that in elderly individuals racemization in teeth that have been situated deep in the oral cavity for a long time is more influenced by the environment than by the period of tooth formation.
Postmortem estimation of age at death based on aspartic acid racemization in dentin: Its applicability for root dentin
In totalroot dentin and the acid soluble protein of root dentin, a close relationship was observed between the extent of aspartic acid racemization and age, and estimation of age at death based on as partic acid Racemization in dentin is also possible for root Dentin, apparently with good results.
Untersuchungen zum zeitlichen Verlauf der Weisheitszahnmineralisation bei einer deutschen Population
ZusammenfassungIn den letzten Jahren war in Deutschland ein sprunghafter Anstieg an forensischen Altersschätzungen bei Lebenden zu verzeichnen. Für die relevante Altersgruppe ist die radiologische
Empfehlungen für die Altersdiagnostik bei Lebenden im Strafverfahren
Elaborated by the German interdisciplinary working group for age diagnostics Die Idee des Vorstandes der DGZMK, Möglichkeiten der forensischen Altersdiagnostik bei Lebenden zu eruieren, wurde vom
[Estimation of age from epiphyseal union degrees of the sternal end of the clavicle].
The sternal ends of right clavicles of Japanese aged 13-31 years (n = 54) autopsied during 1982-1992 were observed for determining degree of epiphyseal union to establish a criterion for age estimation and in females union appears to proceed faster than in males.