Studies on the survival of aerosolized bovine rotavirus (UK) and a murine rotavirus

@article{Ijaz1994StudiesOT,
  title={Studies on the survival of aerosolized bovine rotavirus (UK) and a murine rotavirus},
  author={M Khalid Ijaz and Syed A. Sattar and T. O. Alkarmi and Fazal Karim Dar and Abdul Rauf Bhatti and Kamal Mustafa Elhag},
  journal={Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases},
  year={1994},
  volume={17},
  pages={91 - 98}
}
  • M. K. Ijaz, S. Sattar, K. Elhag
  • Published 1 May 1994
  • Environmental Science
  • Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

Figures and Tables from this paper

Susceptibility of monkeypox virus aerosol suspensions in a rotating chamber.
Decay characteristics of aerosolized viruses in the air and control strategy of thermal and humid environment for epidemic prevention
The novel corona respiratory viruses usually leave the host via droplets and float in the air or settle down. Medically, the decay characteristics of aerosolized viruses have been simulated and
Rotavirus Viremia and Extraintestinal Viral Infection in the Neonatal Rat Model
TLDR
The previously accepted concept of rotavirus pathogenesis is altered to include not only gastroenteritis but also viremia, and they indicate that rotav virus could cause a broad array of systemic diseases in a number of different organs.
Impact of Relative Humidity and Collection Media on Mycobacteriophage D29 Aerosol
TLDR
Evaluating the effect of aerosol generation, methods of sampling, storage conditions, and relative humidity on the culturability of the mycobacteriophage D29 will help identify the optimal means for the application of D29 aerosol in animal inhalation experiments.
Temperature-dependent transmission of rotavirus in Great Britain and The Netherlands
TLDR
There is a direct and simple relationship between cold weather and rotavirus transmission in Great Britain and The Netherlands and the more complex and delayed temperature effect on disease incidence is likely to be mediated through the effects of weather on transmission.
Analysis of the Impact of African Dust Storms on the Presence of Enteric Viruses in the Atmosphere in Tenerife, Spain
ABSTRACT Airborne viruses and their relation to dust storms, as a possible route for dispersion, have not been widely investigated. There are, however, studies that have described the airborne
Characterization of two rotaviruses differing in their in vitro and in vivo virulence.
TLDR
Differences between the two corresponding outer capsid proteins of these viruses may account for the increased stability of MRV, as compared to BRV, when subjected to calcium-chelating and chaotropic agents and may be one of the mechanisms involved in conferring virulence on the virus.
The use of fluorescent bacteriophages to study viroaerosol characteristics
TLDR
It is confirmed that viruses may be present in the atmosphere as aerosols, which are much larger than their own particle size, and that viruses could be visualized and quantified in aerosols using fluorescence microscopy.
Methods for Sampling of Airborne Viruses
TLDR
The methods currently used for viral aerosol sampling are evaluated to better understand the underlying mechanisms of aerovirology and general recommendations are made regarding future studies on the sampling of airborne viruses.
Analysis of the interaction between bovine neutrophils and rotavirus
TLDR
The data suggest that like many cell lines, neutrophils possess a rotavirus attachment site but not the co-receptors or mechanisms for internalization, and that neutrophil do not play a role in clearance o f this particular pathogen.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 44 REFERENCES
Comparison of the airborne survival of calf rotavirus and poliovirus type 1 (Sabin) aerosolized as a mixture
TLDR
There is a pronounced difference in the way RH influences the airborne survival of these two types of viruses held under identical experimental conditions, and aerosolization of virus mixtures is suggested.
Effect of relative humidity on the airborne survival of rotavirus SA11
TLDR
Rotavirus SA11 could, therefore, survive in air for prolonged periods, thus making air a possible vehicle for their dissemination.
Effect of relative humidity, atmospheric temperature, and suspending medium on the airborne survival of human rotavirus.
TLDR
The Wa strain of human rotavirus, grown in MA-104 cells, was suspended either in tryptose phosphate broth or feces from a case of rotaviral diarrhea and aerosolized into a rotating drum using a Collison nebulizer, finding it to survive best at 50 +/- 5% relative humidity.
Effect of relative humidity on the airborne survival of rhinovirus-14.
TLDR
It is suggested that under certain environmental conditions, notably high relative humidity, air may act as a vehicle for the spread of rhinovirus infections.
Development of a murine model to study the pathogenesis of rotavirus infection
Survival characteristics of airborne human coronavirus 229E.
TLDR
The pronounced stabilizing effect of low temperature on the survival of HCV/229E at high RH indicates that the role of the environment on the survive of viruses in air may be more complex and significant than previously thought.
Aerosol transmission of experimental rotavirus infection
TLDR
It is document that rotavirus infection can be transmitted by aerosol droplets under experimental conditions and Gastrointestinal illness was clearly demonstrable in the animals while pulmonary pathology was not evident.
Molecular determinants of rotavirus virulence
TLDR
The virulence mapping studies conducted in mice with some of the 22 reassortants obtained in the present study showed that gene 4 of the OSU and UKtc strains was involved in virulence, and no reassortant could be identified between a murine rotavirus and other heterologous rotav virus strains.
Simian rotavirus SA-11 plaque formation in the presence of trypsin
TLDR
Incorporation of 5 micrograms of trpsin per ml of the overlay (Eagle minimal essential medium-0.7% Ionagar no. 2) was found to be necessary for plaque formation by simian rotavirus SA-11 and should further enhance its usefulness in this regard.
Nosocomial rotavirus infections in neonates: Means of prevention and control
TLDR
Immediately after detection of the epidemic process, specific detailed countermeasures were instituted, including hand protection and hand disinfection, individual nursing set and cohorting of already infected babies.
...
...