The heterogeneity of calf thymus DNA polymerase-alpha has been further investigated. In particular, an enzyme (enzyme D) which exhibits higher activity on poly(dA) . (dT)10 (A:T = 20:1) compared with that on activated DNA, has been further purified and its properties compared with two other activities of the DNA polymerase-alpha fraction (enzymes A1 and C) which do not show a preference for poly(dA) . (dT)10 over activated DNA. As with A1 and C, enzyme D was shown to have many of the characteristic properties of DNA polymerase-alpha in that it is an acidic protein as judged by its binding to DEAE-cellulose, has a molecular weight of about 140000, does not use a poly (A) . (dT)10 template-initiator complex and is inhibited by N-ethylmaleimide. It exhibits anomalous gel filtration behaviour on Sepharose 6B and it binds relatively weakly to DNA-cellulose compared with DNA polymerase-beta. The extreme sensitivity of enzyme D to inhibtion by N-ethylmaleimide distinguishes it from A1 and C, as does its elution position from a DEAE-cellulose column. On the other hand enzymes C and D are readily inactivated by heating at 45 degrees C unlike enzyme A1. The possible interrelationships of the multiple activities of calf thymus DNA polymerase-alpha are discussed.