Isolation and properties of promitochondria from anaerobic stationary-phase yeast cells
A flavoprotein catalyzing the reduction of cytochrome c by NADPH was solubilized and purified from microsomes of yeast grown anaerobically. The cytochrome c reductase had an apparent molecular weight of 70,000 daltons and contained one mole each of FAD and FMN per mole of enzyme. The reductase could reduce some redox dyes as well as cytochrome c, but could not catalyze the reduction of cytochrome b5. The reductase preparation also catalyzed the oxidation of NADPH with molecular oxygen in the presence of a catalytic amount of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone (menadione). The Michaelis constants of the reductase for NADPH and cytochrome c were determined to be 32.4 and 3.4 micron M, respectively, and the optimal pH for cytochrome c reduction was 7.8 to 8.0. It was concluded that yeast NADPH-cytochrome c reductase is in many respects similar to the liver microsomal reductase which acts as an NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase [EC 18.104.22.168].