Studies on the interaction between interleukin 6 and human malignant nonhematopoietic cell lines.

Abstract

We have previously reported on stimulation of clonal growth of cell lines from human solid tumors by recombinant human interleukin 3, recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (W. E. Berdel et al., Blood, 73: 80-83, 1989; Exp. Hematol., 16: 510, 1988). Within an extensive screening program of hematopoietic growth factor activity on malignant cells, the effects of recombinant human interleukin 6 (rhIL-6) were tested on the growth (tritiated thymidine uptake and human tumor cloning assay) of 26 different human cell lines derived from a wide range of solid tumors (head and neck, 4; lung, 1; pancreatic, 1; gastric, 1; colorectal, 3; renal, 3; bladder, 1; prostate, 1; breast, 2; ovary, 2; choriocarcinoma, 1; sarcoma, 2; glioblastoma, 2; neuroblastoma, 2). rhIL-6 (dose range up to 10(4) IU/ml) caused no reproducible enhancement or inhibition of tritiated thymidine uptake by tumor cell lines from nonhematopoietic origin. Furthermore, 19 of the tumor cell lines were clonogenic in a capillary modification of the human tumor cloning assay. No reproducible stimulation of clonal growth by rhIL-6 was observed in any of the cells tested. Particularly, there was no sensitivity of those cell lines for rhIL-6, which were previously shown to be sensitive for recombinant human interleukin 3 and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in this assay. On the other hand, there were no significant growth-inhibitory effects of rhIL-6 on the cell lines tested in this study. Further experiments showed no influence of neutralizing monoclonal anti-hIL-6 antibody on the growth of 3 kidney carcinoma cell lines, making autocrine growth-modulating loops for IL-6 in these lines unlikely. In conclusion, no major interactions between hIL-6 and the growth of the human malignant cell lines from nonhematopoietic origin tested were detected in this study.

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@article{Serve1991StudiesOT, title={Studies on the interaction between interleukin 6 and human malignant nonhematopoietic cell lines.}, author={Hubert Serve and Gudrun Steinhauser and Dorothea Oberberg and Willy Albert Flegel and Hinnak Northoff and W. E. Berdel}, journal={Cancer research}, year={1991}, volume={51 15}, pages={3862-6} }