Studies on the Growth of Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle L.) 4. The Adult Root System

@article{Gill1977StudiesOT,
  title={Studies on the Growth of Red Mangrove (Rhizophora mangle L.) 4. The Adult Root System},
  author={A. M. Gill and Philip Barry Tomlinson and Harvard Forest},
  journal={Biotropica},
  year={1977},
  volume={9},
  pages={145-155}
}
Aerial roots in Rhizophora arise from stems, branches, and secondarily thickened, anchored, aerial roots, but only after injury from unanchored aerial roots. Lateral subterranean roots are abundantly developed upon penetration of a mud substrate whereupon the histology of the root undergoes marked and abrupt changes so that chlorophyll is no longer developed, trichosclereids no longer differentiate, tannin cells become few, the cortex becomes markedly lacunose, and the sequence of protoxylem… 

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