Studies on sulfation of synthesized metabolites from the local anesthetics ropivacaine and lidocaine using human cloned sulfotransferases.

Abstract

The metabolism of the local anesthetics lidocaine and ropivacaine (ropi) involves several steps in humans. Lidocaine is mainly hydrolyzed and hydroxylated to 4-OH-2,6-xylidine (4-OH-xyl). The metabolism of ropi, involving dealkylation and hydroxylation, gives rise to 3-OH-ropi, 4-OH-ropi, 3-OH-2'6'-pipecoloxylidide (3-OH-PPX), and 2-OH-methyl-ropi. Because… (More)

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