Species composition, prevalence and seasonal variations of ixodid cattle ticks in and around Haramaya town, Ethiopia
In this study the dominant tick species identified were Amblyomma cohaerens 52.2%, Rhipicephaluspravus 19.3% and A. variegatum 14.6%. A. cohaerens occurred throughout the sampling period and showed a peak during March. Their number declined significantly (P < 0.01) from August to December. R. pravus occurred from July to December only and peaking in September (P < 0.01). A. variegatum occurred in low numbers throughout the study period with a marked seasonal variation (P < 0.01) and abundant numbers of ticks were observed from May to July. The other tick species identified were Boophilus decoloratus, R. bergeoni and R. evertsi evertsi. Individual variation in tick infestation level was observed among the animals (P < 0.05). Since all the animals were of the same breed, age group and were managed similarly the selection of animals with low infestation level can be a component of tick control strategy.