Studies on human colon cancer gene APC by targeted expression in Drosophila

Abstract

Mutations in human Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) gene are associated with both familial and sporadic colorectal tumors. APC is known to down regulate β-catenin levels, a transducer of Wnt signaling. The aim of this study is to provide transgenic Drosophila expressing either full-length or truncated forms of human APC (hAPC) protein and methods for using them in functional genomics and drug screening. Consistent with its biochemical properties, targeted expression of either full-length hAPC or its β-catenin binding domain alone negatively regulated the function of the β-catenin homologue, Armadillo (Arm) and thereby, inhibited Wnt/Wg signaling during fly development. hAPC inhibited Arm function even in the absence of GSK-3β activity, although the latter was required to mediate the degradation of Arm. Consistent with this, hAPC suppressed the phenotypes induced by the over-expression of degradation-resistant forms of Arm. Subsequently, using hAPC-induced eye phenotypes as the assay in a suppressor-enhancer screen, we have identified two new loci in Drosophila, which modulate Wnt/Wg signaling. In addition, an anti-colon cancer drug, indomethacin, specifically enhanced hAPC-induced phenotypes.

DOI: 10.1038/sj.onc.1204849

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@article{Bhandari2001StudiesOH, title={Studies on human colon cancer gene APC by targeted expression in Drosophila}, author={Poonam Bhandari and L S Shashidhara}, journal={Oncogene}, year={2001}, volume={20}, pages={6871-6880} }