Studies on dentition and oral disorders of Camels in Maiduguri Abattoir, Borno State, Nigeria

Abstract

Camelus dromedarius dental disorders were surveyed using abattoir samples from Maiduguri, Nigeria. A total of 313 heads, were randomly examined. The age and sex of the heads were estimated using standard methods and disorders were observed following the split of the oral commissure. Heads with multiple disorders were counted once and of 313 heads, 114 (41.67 %) and 199 (58.33 %) were males and females, respectively. Heads aged <5 years was 18.21 %; 5–10 years, 44.41 %; and >15 years was 37.38 %. Whereas 22.61 % of the total heads had one disorder or another, 7.98 and 14.06 % of the disorders belonged to male and female heads, respectively. The prevalence rate of the disorders observed include dental tartar and calculus (5.42 %), inward rotation of incisors (2.87 %), fractured teeth (7.66 %), maleruption (0.31 %), oligodontia (0.31 %), gingivitis (4.15 %), ulcerated cheek(0.63 %), and presence of foreign body(0.31 %) in the mouth. Prevalence rate of oral-cavity abnormalities in relation to age of the total heads is 5.75, 5.11, and 10.54 % for animals <5, between 5 and 10 years, and 10–15 years, respectively. Furthermore, heads that were affected with various types of disorders are 31.58 % (<5 years of age), 11.51 % (aged 5–10 years), and 28.21 % (>15 years). The study serves as a call for increased oral-cavity health care of camels.

DOI: 10.1007/s11250-012-0162-9

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@article{Eze2012StudiesOD, title={Studies on dentition and oral disorders of Camels in Maiduguri Abattoir, Borno State, Nigeria}, author={Chinedu Athanasius Eze and Simon S. Adamu and Mohammed M. Bukar}, journal={Tropical Animal Health and Production}, year={2012}, volume={44}, pages={1953-1956} }