Studies on MMA-tBB resin. I. Comparison of TBB and other initiators in the polymerization of PMMA/MMA resin.

Abstract

Polymerization characteristics of poly (methyl methacrylate)(PMMA)/(methyl methacrylate) (MMA) resin initiated by tributylborane (TBB) were compared with those by benzoyl peroxide (BPO)/N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine and camphorquinone (CQ)/N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate from the aspects of temporal changes of residual MMA and molecular weight up to 4 weeks at 37 degrees C. Residual MMA 30 min after polymerization decreased from 8.15% for TBB resin, 8.39% for the BPO resin, and 9.19% for the CQ resin to 0.48%, 3.54%, and 6.79%, respectively, after 4 weeks. The molecular weights at 30 min and 4 weeks after polymerization were 409 x 10(3) and 247 x 10(3) for TBB resin, 297 x 10(3) and 282 x 10(3) for the BPO resin, and 267 x 10(3) and 231 x 10(3) for the CQ resin, respectively. The present results revealed that the TBB-initiated polymerization had unique and different characteristics compared with those initiated by the other common initiators: (1) The decrease in residual MMA was fast, sustained for a long time and resulted in very low value; (2) high molecular weight PMMA was formed first and then decreased with time.

Cite this paper

@article{Hirabayashi2002StudiesOM, title={Studies on MMA-tBB resin. I. Comparison of TBB and other initiators in the polymerization of PMMA/MMA resin.}, author={Chiemi Hirabayashi and Yohji Imai}, journal={Dental materials journal}, year={2002}, volume={21 4}, pages={314-21} }