Studies on Ancient Rice—Where Botanists, Agronomists, Archeologists, Linguists, and Ethnologists Meet

@article{Hsieh2011StudiesOA,
  title={Studies on Ancient Rice—Where Botanists, Agronomists, Archeologists, Linguists, and Ethnologists Meet},
  author={Jaw-Shu Hsieh and Yue-Ie Caroline Hsing and Tze-fu Hsu and Paul Jen-kuei Li and Kuang-Ti Li and Cheng-hwa Tsang},
  journal={Rice},
  year={2011},
  volume={4},
  pages={178-183}
}
Taiwan’s aboriginal peoples are thought to be related to ancestral Austronesian-speaking peoples. Currently, Taiwan has 14 officially acknowledged aboriginal tribes. The major crops currently farmed in aboriginal areas are rice (Oryza sativa) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Archeologists recently excavated the remains of several early cultures in Taiwan. The most plentiful plant remains were carbonated rice and foxtail millet grains. The earliest 14C date of these excavation sites is ∼5… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The ancient dispersal of millets in southern China: New archaeological evidence
This study presents the first direct evidence of millet cultivation in Neolithic southeast coastal China. Macroscopic plant remains and phytoliths, together with direct accelerator mass spectrometryExpand
The first discovery of Neolithic rice remains in eastern Taiwan: phytolith evidence from the Chaolaiqiao site
Located in the key junction between mainland China and Island Southeast Asia, Taiwan is of great significance for our understanding of the southeastward dispersal of rice agriculture in theExpand
Broomcorn and foxtail millet were cultivated in Taiwan about 5000 years ago
TLDR
Light and scanning electron microscopy was used to examine the morphological features of some modern domesticated and unearthed seeds to compare and identify the archaeobotanical remains by three criteria: caryopsis shape, embryo notch, and morphology of lemma and palea. Expand
Investigating the late neolithic millet agriculture in Southeast China: New multidisciplinary evidences
Abstract The spread of millet agriculture to southeast (SE) China is critical to understanding the region's economic pattern and its potential impact on the proposed initial expansion ofExpand
Diversification and Cultural Construction of a Crop: The Case of Glutinous Rice and Waxy Cereals in the Food Cultures of Eastern Asia
TLDR
The importance of sticky rice in ritual foods and alcoholic beverages in East and Southeast Asia also suggests the entanglement of crop varieties and culturally inherited food traditions and ritual symbolism. Expand
Genetic Diversity of Landraces and Improved Varieties of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Taiwan
TLDR
The genetic diversity of improved rice varieties has been substantially shaped by breeding goals, leading to differentiation between indica and japonica cultivars. Expand
Foragers, fishers and farmers: origins of the Taiwanese Neolithic
The Neolithic of Taiwan represents the first stage in the expansion of Austronesian-speaking peoples through the Pacific. Settlement and burial evidence from the Tapenkeng (TKP) or Dabenkeng cultureExpand
Both Hd1 and Ehd1 are important for artificial selection of flowering time in cultivated rice.
  • F. Wei, Y. Tsai, +6 authors Y. Hsing
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Plant science : an international journal of experimental plant biology
  • 2016
TLDR
Accession-specific single nucleotide polymorphism analysis is used to reveal the gene flow that occurred between different rice accessions decades ago and demonstrate that two landraces introgressed during the breeding process, which led to the loss of photoperiod sensitivity in Taichung 65. Expand
Bridging the gap on the southward dispersal route of agriculture in China: new evidences from the Guodishan site, Jiangxi province
The southward spread of agriculture in China has long been regarded as a hot topic worldwide, as it is closely related to the further dispersal of farming into Southeast Asia and beyond. However, theExpand
Genetic and Evolutionary Analysis of Purple Leaf Sheath in Rice
TLDR
OsC1 is responsible for purple leaf sheath, and much new information is provided e.g., new alleles, non-domestication syndrome, and incongruence of genealogy with geographic distribution. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES
A mitochondrial stratigraphy for island southeast Asia.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that mitochondrial DNA diversity in the region is extremely high and includes a large number of indigenous clades, suggesting that, if an agriculturalist migration did take place in ISEA, it was demographically minor, at least with regard to the involvement of women. Expand
New insights into the history of rice domestication.
TLDR
The current view of rice domestication supports multiple domestications coupled with limited introgression that transferred key domestication alleles between divergent rice gene pools, as would be expected if the domestications occurred independently. Expand
Identification of SNPs in the waxy gene among glutinous rice cultivars and their evolutionary significance during the domestication process of rice
TLDR
It was concluded that the waxy mutations, and the corresponding rice cultivation, originated from japonica during the evolution and domestication process of rice and was preferentially selected by most Asian peoples. Expand
The Austronesian Homeland: A Linguistic Perspective
THE DISCOVERY OF the Indo-European language family has been called one of the great intellectual achievements of the nineteenth century. In important respects it contributed to the Romantic movementExpand
Language Phylogenies Reveal Expansion Pulses and Pauses in Pacific Settlement
TLDR
The results are robust to assumptions about the rooting and calibration of the trees and demonstrate the combined power of linguistic scholarship, database technologies, and computational phylogenetic methods for resolving questions about human prehistory. Expand
Multiple alleles at Early flowering 1 locus making variation in the basic vegetative growth period in rice (Oryza sativa L.)
A recently established rice breeding program in low latitudes aims to develop varieties with extremely long basic vegetative growth (BVG) periods and weak photoperiod sensitivities. The TaiwaneseExpand
Deletion in a gene associated with grain size increased yields during rice domestication
TLDR
Cl cloning of a newly identified QTL, qSW5 (QTL for seed width on chromosome 5), involved in the determination of grain width in rice found that a deletion resulted in a significant increase in sink size owing to an increase in cell number in the outer glume of the rice flower. Expand
An SNP Caused Loss of Seed Shattering During Rice Domestication
TLDR
Haplotype analysis and association analysis in various rice collections revealed that the SNP was highly associated with shattering among japonica subspecies of rice, implying that it was a target of artificial selection during rice domestication. Expand
The gene for fragrance in rice.
TLDR
It is shown that a gene with homology to the gene that encodes betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BAD) has significant polymorphisms in the coding region of fragrant genotype relative to non-fragrant genotypes, an example of effective human selection for a recessive trait during domestication. Expand
Rice Domestication by Reducing Shattering
TLDR
It is shown that human selection of an amino acid substitution in the predicted DNA binding domain encoded by a gene of previously unknown function was primarily responsible for the reduction of grain shattering in rice domestication. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...