Studies of inference from lack of knowledge.

  title={Studies of inference from lack of knowledge.},
  author={Dedre Gentner and Allan Collins},
  journal={Memory & cognition},
  volume={9 4},
Two experiments were performed to investigate the conditions affecting lack-of-knowledge inferences. The lack-of-knowledge inference is a metainference, an inference based on knowledge about one's own knowledge, in which the absence of information concerning a possible assertion is taken as evidence that the assertion is false. In Experiment 1, it was shown that lack of knowledge about an assertion decreases subjects' ratings of the likelihood that the assertion is true. The more important the… CONTINUE READING