Studies of North American Indian Languages

  title={Studies of North American Indian Languages},
  author={Marianne Mithun},
  journal={Annual Review of Anthropology},
  • M. Mithun
  • Published 1990
  • Sociology
  • Annual Review of Anthropology
The study of North American Indian languages has been shaped by several circumstances. Since its beginning, most research has been based in fieldwork: Data have come from direct contact with speakers, usually in their own cultural settings, rather than from secondary sources. Although the number of languages indigenous to North America is large, several hundred, the number of scholars working with most of them has been relatively small, often only one or two individuals per language. A center… Expand
Gene flow across linguistic boundaries in Native North American populations.
  • K. Hunley, J. Long
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
Analysis of median joining networks for mtDNA haplotypes provides strong evidence for gene flow across linguistic boundaries, and it is shown that the genetic structure among these Native North American populations departs significantly from the best-fitting hierarchical models. Expand
Problematic use of Greenberg's linguistic classification of the Americas in studies of Native American genetic variation.
Evidence is presented that comparisons of genetic and linguistic variation in the Americas are problematic when they are based on Greenberg’s (1987) classification of Native American languages, for these very reasons. Expand
How to Show Languages are Related: Methods for Distant Genetic Relationship
The purpose of this paper is to survey the various methodological principles, criteria, and rules of thumb relevant to distant genetic relationship and thus hopefully to provide guidelines for both initiating and testing proposals of distant linguistic kinship. Expand
Pleistocene peopling of the Americas
Our species colonized North and South America last of all the major land masses, thereby ending the spread that began a million years earlier when ancestral members of the genus Homo first venturedExpand
Amazonian Kichwa Proper: Ethnolinguistic Domain in Pan‐Indian Ecuador
Pan-Indian organizing and language standardization are key strategies for indigenous activists advancing cultural legitimacy in the contemporary Latin American sociopolitical order. PlannedExpand
The Peopling of the Americas as Revealed by Molecular Genetic Studies
Molecular genetic studies of Siberian and Native American populations indicate that ancestral Native Americans originated in south-central Siberia and entered the New World between 20 000 and 15 000Expand
Y-chromosome diversity in Native Mexicans reveals continental transition of genetic structure in the Americas.
The Y-chromosome genetic diversity of 197 Native Mexicans from 11 populations and 1,044 individuals from 44 Native American populations is described after combining with publicly available data to point toward a complex genetic makeup of Native Mexicans whose maternal and paternal lineages reveal different narratives of their population history. Expand
Indigenous Linguistic Revitalization and Outsider Interaction: The Itzaj Maya Case
Indigenous languages and cultures are under threat of extinction as never before. Cultural revitalization and language renewal are increasingly linked to environmental conservation. In this contextExpand
Are sequence family variants useful for identifying deletions in the human Y chromosome?
This article reported that the deletion is found only in branch N of the Y-chromosome genealogical tree, occurs through one mutational pathway, is ∼2.2 Mb in size, and has no effect on spermatogenesis. Expand
Geoglyphs in time and space
Using the relationship between art and religion u a take-off point. This article examines two types of earthen art: rock alignments and geoalypht. Differences and similarities in form and content areExpand


Language in the Americas
This book is concerned primarily with the evidence for the validity of a genetic unit, Amerind, embracing the vast majority of New World languages. The only languages excluded are those belonging toExpand
Poetic structuring of Kuna discourse: The line*
A central feature of the oral discourse of the Kuna Indians of Panama is the line. The nature of lines, verses, and other poetic and rhetorical units has recently emerged as a significant topicExpand
Some Lexical Clues to Uto-Aztecan Prehistory
  • C. Fowler
  • Sociology
  • International Journal of American Linguistics
  • 1983
0. Introduction. Over the years many have used linguistic evidence of various kinds and in various ways in the quest for parsimonious solutions to the many problems of Uto-Aztecan prehistory.Expand
The Classification of the Uto-Aztecan Languages Based on Lexical Evidence
  • W. R. Miller
  • Sociology
  • International Journal of American Linguistics
  • 1984
0. Introduction. There has been a notable lack of agreement among informed scholars on the classification of the Uto-Aztecan languages. The problem revolves around the family-tree approach versus theExpand
Word Order in Haida
  • C. Eastman
  • Sociology
  • International Journal of American Linguistics
  • 1979
0. In recent years, a number of linguists have taken a renewed interest in describing and analyzing Haida. Since Swanton's investigations in the early twentieth century,' little work had been doneExpand
Focus and Constituent Order in Haida
Haida is a linguistic isolate spoken on Prince of Wales Island in south-east Alaska and on the Queen Charlotte Islands of British Columbia. Swanton (1911:267) asserts there is one basic order forExpand
The Eastern Algonquian Subordinative Mode and the Importance of Morphology
  • I. Goddard
  • Sociology
  • International Journal of American Linguistics
  • 1983
0. Introduction. The Eastern Algonquian languages have a mode, formally part of the independent order, that is used for the verb of sentential complements in certain constructions. The morphologyExpand
A Karok Myth in "Measured Verse": the Translation of a Performance
The above discussion and translation is not meant to suggest that all Native American narratives must be analyzable in similar terms. I do not even wish to claim that the Zuni line (as defined byExpand
Is Phonology Going Haywire in Dying Languages? Phonological Variations in Chipewyan and Sarcee.
The two most conspicuous phenomena reported on dying languages are (a) structural (and stylistic) simplifications and (b) dramatic increases of variability due to incongruent and idiosyncraticExpand
The functions of rhetorical structure: A study of Central Alaskan Yupik Eskimo discourse
Discourse structure in Central Alaskan Yupik Eskimo (CAY) narrative and conversation is examined, and a general notion of rhetorical structure is proposed, growing out of recent work in the poeticsExpand