1. An earlier, shorter version of this article was read at the Annual Conference of the South African Association for Language Teaching (SAALT), Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, Potchefstroom, 28-30 June 2000, under the title: "Teacher and peer response to student writing. Preliminary results". I am grateful to members of the audience for searching questions, insightful comments and advice, all of which were helpful in the writing of the article. Comments and suggestions from two anonymous reviewers are also acknowledged.