Structuring Chemical Space: Similarity-Based Characterization of the PubChem Database.


The ensemble of conceivable molecules is referred to as the Chemical Space. In this article we describe a hierarchical version of the Affinity Propagation (AP) clustering algorithm and apply it to analyze the LINGO-based similarity matrix of a 500 000-molecule subset of the PubChem database, which contains more than 19 million compounds. The combination of two highly efficient methods, namely the AP clustering algorithm and LINGO-based molecular similarity calculations, allows the unbiased analysis of large databases. Hierarchical clustering generates a numerical diagonalization of the similarity matrix. The target-independent, intrinsic structure of the database , derived without any previous information on the physical or biological properties of the compounds, maps together molecules experimentally shown to bind the same biological target or to have similar physical properties.

DOI: 10.1002/minf.200900015

Cite this paper

@article{Cincilla2010StructuringCS, title={Structuring Chemical Space: Similarity-Based Characterization of the PubChem Database.}, author={Giovanni Cincilla and Michael Thormann and Miquel Pons}, journal={Molecular informatics}, year={2010}, volume={29 1-2}, pages={37-49} }