Structures of two intermediate filament-binding fragments of desmoplakin reveal a unique repeat motif structure

@article{Choi2002StructuresOT,
  title={Structures of two intermediate filament-binding fragments of desmoplakin reveal a unique repeat motif structure},
  author={Hee-Jung Choi and Shaun Park-Snyder and Lauren T. Pascoe and Kathleen Janee Green and William I. Weis},
  journal={Nature Structural Biology},
  year={2002},
  volume={9},
  pages={612-620}
}
Desmosomes are intercellular junctions in which cadherin cell adhesion molecules are linked to the intermediate filament (IF) system. Desmoplakin is a member of the plakin family of IF-binding proteins. The C-terminal domain of desmoplakin (DPCT) mediates binding to IFs in desmosomes. The DPCT sequence contains three regions, termed A, B and C, consisting of 4.5 copies of a 38-amino acid repeat motif. We demonstrate that these regions form discrete subdomains that bind to IFs and report the… 

Structure of the Intermediate Filament-Binding Region of Desmoplakin

TLDR
The crystal structure of a DPCT fragment spanning PRDs A and B is presented, and the overall architecture of DPCT is elucidated by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) analysis, providing the first structural insights into an IF binding protein containing multiple PRDs.

Desmoplakin interacts with the coil 1 of different types of intermediate filament proteins and displays high affinity for assembled intermediate filaments

TLDR
The data suggest that desmoplakin high-affinity binding to diverse IF proteins ensures robust linkages of IF cytoskeleton and desmosomes that maintain the structural integrity of cellular adhesion complexes.

Purification and Structural Analysis of Desmoplakin.

Claws, Disorder, and Conformational Dynamics of the C-Terminal Region of Human Desmoplakin.

TLDR
It is suggested that DPCTT is a molecular switch that modulates, via its conformational dynamics, DP's overall efficacy as a substrate for GSK3, suggesting a competitive binding mechanism for the modulation of DP···IF interactions.

The desmosome.

TLDR
The structure and function of the major desmosomal proteins are outlined, and the contributions of this protein complex to tissue architecture and morphogenesis are explored.

Structure, function, and regulation of desmosomes.

Mechanism of intermediate filament recognition by plakin repeat domains revealed by envoplakin targeting of vimentin

TLDR
The crystal structure of envoplakin's complete PRD fold is reported, revealing binding determinants within its electropositive binding groove that reveal how plakin family members form dynamic linkages with cytoskeletal frameworks.

Molecular mechanism of intermediate filament recognition by plakin proteins.

Advances and perspectives of the architecture of hemidesmosomes: Lessons from structural biology

TLDR
The formation of the β4-plectin complex induces conformational changes in β4 and plectin, suggesting that their interaction may be subject to allosteric regulation.
...

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