Structures of the toll-like receptor family and its ligand complexes.

  title={Structures of the toll-like receptor family and its ligand complexes.},
  author={M. S. Jin and J Lee},
  volume={29 2},
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play central roles in the innate immune response by recognizing conserved structural patterns in diverse microbial molecules. Here, we discuss ligand binding and activation mechanisms of the TLR family. Hydrophobic ligands of TLR1, TLR2, and TLR4 interact with internal protein pockets. In contrast, dsRNA, a hydrophilic ligand, interacts with the solvent-exposed surface of TLR3. Binding of agonistic ligands, lipopeptides or dsRNA, induces dimerization of the… CONTINUE READING
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