Structured Non-Uniformly Spaced Rectangular Antenna Array Design for FD-MIMO Systems

@article{Liu2017StructuredNS,
  title={Structured Non-Uniformly Spaced Rectangular Antenna Array Design for FD-MIMO Systems},
  author={Wendong Liu and Zhaocheng Wang and Chen Sun and Sheng Chen and Lajos Hanzo Hanzo},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications},
  year={2017},
  volume={16},
  pages={3252-3266}
}
Full-dimensional multiple-input multiple-output (FD-MIMO) systems, whereby each base station is equipped with a uniformly spaced rectangular antenna array (URA), provides a practical means of realizing massive MIMO systems. However, the spectral efficiency of URA is considerably lower than that of its uniformly spaced linear array counterpart having the same number of antenna elements. In this paper, we first introduce a discrete angular resolution metric for quantifying the low resolution of… CONTINUE READING