Structured Imagination: the Role of Category Structure in Exemplar Generation

  title={Structured Imagination: the Role of Category Structure in Exemplar Generation},
  author={T. B. Ward},
  journal={Cognitive Psychology},
  • T. B. Ward
  • Published 1994
  • Psychology
  • Cognitive Psychology
Abstract College students imagined animals that might live on a planet somewhere else in the galaxy. In the first experiment, they provided drawings and descriptions of their initial imagined animal, another member of the same species, and a member of a different species. The majority of imagined creatures were structured by properties that are typical of animals on earth: bilateral symmetry, sensory receptors, and appendages. Subjects also allowed shape, appendages and sense receptors to vary… Expand
The role of graded category structure in imaginative thought
Items high in accessibility were also high in imagination frequency, implying that those items that come to mind most readily are the ones most likely to serve as starting points for the development of novel ideas. Expand
Tosh Demands and Generative Thinking: What Changes and What Remains the Same?
Generative thinking can be characterized as the development of novel instantiations of existing concepts. Using this framework, the present study examined the impact of three conditions on the wayExpand
How analogies are generated: The roles of structural and superficial similarity
It is concluded that people can use structural relations when given an appropriate task and that this ability has been underestimated in previous research on analogy. Expand
Manipulating activation level of examples affects conformity in a creative generation paradigm
Three experiments examined the effects of activating previously experienced information upon inadvertent plagiarism (also termed conformity by Ward, Smith, & Schumacher, 1993) in a creativeExpand
Constraining effects of examples in a creative generation task
The results show that recent experience can lead to unintentional conformity, constraining the generation of creative ideas. Expand
Stable and Dynamic Properties of Category Structure Guide Imaginative Thought
Previous research has shown that category exemplars vary in how accessible they are within their categories, and that more accessible exemplars are more likely than less accessible ones to be used asExpand
Understanding Creativity Judgments of Invented Alien Creatures: The Roles of Invariants and Other Predictors*
Participants imagined, drew, and wrote about novel alien creatures (cf. Ward, 1994). Judges rated the creativity of the drawings alone, paragraphs alone, or drawings and paragraphs together. MuchExpand
The Role of Imagination in Exemplar Generation: The Effects of Conflict and Explanation
A significantly greater degree of imaginative responses was observed from participants who were required to explain their thinking prior to and whilst constructing their exemplars. Expand
Creative cognition in gifted adolescents
Gifted adolescents performed a creative generation task in which they imagined and drew fruit that might exist on another planet. They produced creations that tended to include central properties ofExpand
Précis of The Rational Imagination: How People Create Alternatives to Reality
  • R. Byrne
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 2007
The Rational Imagination is argued that imaginative thought is more rational than scientists have imagined and counterfactual thoughts are organised along the same principles as rational thought. Expand