Structure, thermal expansion and incompressibility of MgSO4·9H2O, its relationship to meridianiite (MgSO4·11H2O) and possible natural occurrences

Abstract

Since being discovered initially in mixed-cation systems, a method of forming end-member MgSO4 9H2O has been found. We have obtained powder diffraction data from protonated analogues (using X-rays) and deuterated analogues (using neutrons) of this compound over a range of temperatures and pressures. From these data we have determined the crystal structure, including all hydrogen positions, the thermal expansion over the range 9–260 K at ambient pressure, the incompressibility over the range 0–1.1 GPa at 240 K and studied the transitions to other stable and metastable phases. MgSO4 9D2O is monoclinic, space group P21/c, Z = 4, with unit-cell parameters at 9 K, a = 6.72764 (6), b = 11.91154 (9), c = 14.6424 (1) Å, = 95.2046 (7) and V = 1168.55 (1) Å. The structure consists of two symmetry-inequivalent Mg(D2O)6 octahedra on sites of 1 symmetry. These are directly joined by a water–water hydrogen bond to form chains of octahedra parallel with the b axis at a = 0. Three interstitial water molecules bridge the Mg(D2O)6 octahedra to the SO4 2

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Fortes2017StructureTE, title={Structure, thermal expansion and incompressibility of MgSO4·9H2O, its relationship to meridianiite (MgSO4·11H2O) and possible natural occurrences}, author={A. Dominic Fortes and Kevin Steven Knight and Ian Geoffrey Wood}, year={2017} }