Structure-activity determinants in paneth cell alpha-defensins: loss-of-function in mouse cryptdin-4 by charge-reversal at arginine residue positions.

Abstract

Paneth cells secrete microbicidal enteric alpha-defensins into the small intestinal lumen, and cryptdin-4 (Crp4) is the most bactericidal of the mouse alpha-defensin peptides in vitro. Here, site-directed Arg to Asp mutations in Crp4 have been shown to attenuate or eliminate microbicidal activity against all of the bacterial species tested regardless of the… (More)

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