Structure, chemistry, and pharmacokinetics of intravenous iron agents.


Structure and Chemistry All intravenous (IV) iron agents are colloids that consist of spheroidal iron-carbohydrate nanoparticles. At the core of each particle is an iron-oxyhydroxide gel. The core is surrounded by a shell of carbohydrate that stabilizes the iron-oxyhydroxide, slows the release of bioactive iron, and maintains the resulting particles in… (More)

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