Structural quantities of quasi-two-dimensional fluids.

Abstract

Quasi-two-dimensional fluids can be generated by confining a fluid between two parallel walls with narrow separation. Such fluids exhibit an inhomogeneous structure perpendicular to the walls due to the loss of translational symmetry. Taking the transversal degrees of freedom as a perturbation to an appropriate 2D reference fluid we provide a systematic expansion of the m-particle density for arbitrary m. To leading order in the slit width this density factorizes into the densities of the transversal and lateral degrees of freedom. Explicit expressions for the next-to-leading order terms are elaborated analytically quantifying the onset of inhomogeneity. The case m = 1 yields the density profile with a curvature given by an integral over the pair-distribution function of the corresponding 2D reference fluid, which reduces to its 2D contact value in the case of pure excluded-volume interactions. Interestingly, we find that the 2D limit is subtle and requires stringent conditions on the fluid-wall interactions. We quantify the rapidity of convergence for various structural quantities to their 2D counterparts.

DOI: 10.1063/1.4867284

Cite this paper

@article{Lang2014StructuralQO, title={Structural quantities of quasi-two-dimensional fluids.}, author={Simon Lang and Thomas Franosch and Rolf Schilling}, journal={The Journal of chemical physics}, year={2014}, volume={140 10}, pages={104506} }