Structural patterns in globular proteins

@article{Levitt1976StructuralPI,
  title={Structural patterns in globular proteins},
  author={Michael Levitt and Cyrus Chothia},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1976},
  volume={261},
  pages={552-558}
}
A simple diagrammatic representation has been used to show the arrangement of α helices and β sheets in 31 globular proteins, which are classified into four clearly separated classes. The observed arrangements are significantly non-random in that pieces of secondary structure adjacent in sequence along the polypeptide chain are also often in contact in three dimensions. 

Structural and functional diversity in 4-α-helical proteins

The geometrical properties of four α-helices to form a sequentially connected left-twisted bundle are described and how they relate to the functional and aggregate properties of these molecules are suggested.

A four-helical super-secondary structure.

β-Sheet topology and the relatedness of proteins

The topological connectivities of β-pleated sheets in the known protein structures are systematically surveyed for regularly occurring features and suggest that striking topological similarities between different proteins can readily happen by chance.

Systematic representation of protein folding patterns.

  • A. Lesk
  • Biology
    Journal of molecular graphics
  • 1995

Asymmetry in protein structures.

The asymmetry of L-amino acids determines the asymmetrical features of alpha-helices and beta-sheets, and certain topological features of the paths followed by polypeptide chains through structures determine the three-dimensional structure of proteins.

Analysis and prediction of protein β-sheet structures by a combinatorial approach

Analysis of β-sheet sandwiches (for example immunoglobulin domains) suggests an algorithm that successfully predicts the tertiary fold of these proteins from their sequence and secondary structure.

Loops in globular proteins: a novel category of secondary structure.

A systematic study was made of 67 proteins of known structure revealing 270 omega loops, which are typically regarded as "random coil," they are, in fact, highly compact substructures and may also be independent folding units.

Dipoles of the α-helix and β-sheet: their role in protein folding

As a result of the regular arrangement of peptide dipoles in secondary structure segments and the low effective dielectric constant in Hydrophobic cores, the electrostatic energy of a protein is very
...

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