Introductory Chapter: Lepidoptera
The word Lepidoptera comes from the Latin word, equivalent to lepidoand from the ancient Greek words lepis and pteron mean scales and wings, respectively. Therefore, it stands for insects with scaly…
The nanoanatomical basis of sexual dimorphism in iridescent butterfly colouration
- BiologyAustralian Journal of Zoology
Evidence is presented that sexual dimorphism in the expression of a sexually homologous ridge-lamellar trait (iridescent ultraviolet) is mediated by sex differences in the density of lamellar-bearing scale ridges.
Lepidopteran Insects Status and Diversity: A Review
- BiologyJournal of Multidisciplinary Applied Natural Science
The recent data on etymology, distribution and diversity, external morphology, different morphological parts of caterpillar, internal morphology, digestive system, circulatory system, reproduction and growth, respiratory system, and growth and role of the olfactive process in larval and adult lepidopteran insects are given.
Micro‐ and nanostructures of iridescent wing scales in purple emperor butterflies (Lepidoptera: Apatura ilia and A. iris)
- BiologyMicroscopy research and technique
The scales of the analyzed species resemble the scales of tropical Morpho butterflies, particularly the type I scales of A. ilia.
Estructura de las escamas ventrales de las alas de Coenonympha Hübner, , con especial referencia a C. pamphilus (L., 1758) y su morfotipo lyllus (Esper, 1805) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)
The frequency of the silvery line among members of Coenonympha suggests that this feature ‐diagnostic for the lyllus morphotype with respect to the ‘typical’ C. pamphilus- represents an ancestral feature for this group.
Coloration and Structure of the Wings of Chorinea sylphina Bates
- PhysicsThe Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society
ABSTRACT. The structure and the origin of transparency of the wings of Chorinea sylphina, a species of glasswinged butterflies, were explored using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy,…
Concordance of the spectral properties of dorsal wing scales with the phylogeographic structure of European male Polyommatus icarus butterflies
- BiologyScientific reports
Remarkably good concordance was found between the spectral properties of the blue sexual signaling color (coincident within 5 nm) and the population genetic structure as revealed by 10 microsatellites for the P. icarus species.
High angular and spectral selectivity of purple emperor (Lepidoptera: Apatura iris and A. ilia) butterfly wings.
- BiologyOptics express
The iridescent features of the butterfly species Apatura iris and A. ilia were studied and it was found that the peak reflectivity is around 380 nm, with a spectral width (full width at half maximum) of approximately 50 nm in both species.
Wing Colour Properties do not Reflect Male Condition in the American Rubyspot (Hetaerina americana)
These and previous results suggest that only spot size but not the spot characteristics the authors measured here, is sexually selected in males of this species at least in terms of pre-copulatory male–male competition.
The evolution of structural colour in butterflies.
- BiologyCurrent opinion in genetics & development
SHOWING 1-5 OF 5 REFERENCES
Light and color on the wing: structural colors in butterflies and moths.
- ArtApplied optics
All butterfly and moth scales share the same basic architecture, but various elements of this architecture are particularly complex in those scales that exhibit structural colors, which represents a particularly striking example of precision in biological pattern formation.
Directionally Controlled Fluorescence Emission in Butterflies
The characterization of a naturally evolved light-extraction system on the wing scales of a small group of Papilio butterflies is described, facilitated by a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab that uses a multilayer to help control emission direction.
Photonic structures in biology
An astonishing variety of natural photonic structures exists: a species of Brittlestar uses photonic elements composed of calcite to collect light, Morpho butterflies use multiple layers of cuticle and air to produce their striking blue colour and some insects use arrays of elements to reduce reflectivity in their compound eyes.
Structural colors in biological systems : principles and applications
- Materials Science