Surimi and natural actomyosin (NAM) from ling cod (Ophiodon elongatus) were subjected to frozen storage in the absence or presence of cryoprotectants (sorbitol, sucrose, lactitol, and Litesse, either individually or in combination). Effects of frozen storage were studied for NAM frozen at -10 degrees C for 10 days and for surimi after eight freeze-thaw cycles. A commercial blend cryoprotectant (4% sucrose and 4% sorbitol), individual cryoprotectants at 8%, and optimal blends at 4, 5.5, 6, and 8%, were effective in maintaining the gel strength of surimi and NAM gels. Surimi or NAM frozen in the absence of cryoprotectants or with only 4% individual cryoprotectants, showed increased percent alpha-helical content by Raman analysis. Increased disulfide content was also observed in the treatment without cryoprotectants by the Raman SS stretching band and by chemical determination. Tyrosine residues were in a buried environment before and after freezing for all treatments, and surface hydrophobicity measured by 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate decreased after frozen storage in the absence of cryoprotectants.