Structural and functional analysis of KIT gene encoding receptor tyrosine kinase and its interaction with sunitinib and HDAC inhibitors: an in silico approach.

@article{Vanajothi2012StructuralAF,
  title={Structural and functional analysis of KIT gene encoding receptor tyrosine kinase and its interaction with sunitinib and HDAC inhibitors: an in silico approach.},
  author={Ramar Vanajothi and Sundararaj Rajamanikandan and Arumugam Sudha and Pappu Srinivasan},
  journal={Pakistan journal of biological sciences : PJBS},
  year={2012},
  volume={15 3},
  pages={
          121-31
        }
}
KIT is a growth factor receptor, important for normal germ cell migration and development. The malfunction of KIT gene results in constitutive activation of the tyrosine kinase activity of c-KIT which is believed to be the major oncogenic event in stomach, small intestine mastocytosis, acute leukemias, melanomas and colon tumors. The genetics of these diseases could be better understood by knowing the functional relevance of their SNP variation. In this study, a computational analysis to detect… 
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TLDR
It is demonstrated that the signal transduction pathways mediated by c-Kit/D816V are markedly different from those activated by wild-type c- Kit and that altered substrate specificity ofc-Kit circumvents a need for Src family kinases in signaling of growth and survival, thereby contributing to the transforming potential of c-kit/D 816V.
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TLDR
Results provide preclinical evidence for a disease-specific effect of HDACI in KIT-positive GIST, which could translate into therapeutic activity.
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TLDR
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TLDR
The results provide key insights into the molecular basis for c-Kit kinase transactivation to assist in the design of new competitive inhibitors targeting activated mutant forms of c- Kit that are resistant to current chemotherapy regimes.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
DNA analysis in mammals shows that homozygosity for mutations in both W and me ameliorates aspects of both the me and W phenotypes, demonstrating that the Kit receptor plays a role in the pathology of the me phenotype and conversely that Shp1 negatively regulates Kit signalling in vivo.
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