Structural Realism after the Cold War

  title={Structural Realism after the Cold War},
  author={Kenneth N. Waltz},
  journal={International Security},
Some students of international politics believe that realism is obsolete.1 They argue that, although realism’s concepts of anarchy, self-help, and power balancing may have been appropriate to a bygone era, they have been displaced by changed conditions and eclipsed by better ideas. New times call for new thinking. Changing conditions require revised theories or entirely different ones. True, if the conditions that a theory contemplated have changed, the theory no longer applies. But what sorts… Expand
Why Are Revisionist States Revisionist? Reviving Classical Realism as an Approach to Understanding International Change
In this article, we argue that Realism recently has eschewed big and important questions of war and peace and that revived Classical Realism can help bring Realism back on track. Modern Realists tendExpand
Does capitalism need the state system?
Contemporary Marxist students of international relations, like their mainstream counterparts, disagree over whether geopolitics has a future. Many believe that it has none, either because globalizedExpand
‘Waltz, Mearsheimer and the post-Cold War world: The rise of America and the fall of structural realism’
The explanatory power of structural realism in the post-Cold War world has been hotly debated in the international relations literature. Critics pronounce the death of structural realism in this newExpand
Is Anybody Still a Realist?
Realism, the oldest and most prominent theoretical paradigm in international relations, is in trouble. The problem is not lack of interest. Realism remains the primary or alternative theory inExpand
Reconciling Realism: DPRK-ROK Co-operation and IR Implications
In IR discourse, the concept of security is changing. The critical approaches that have emerged to challenge traditional ones in recent decades have earned significant intellectual support. AccordingExpand
Neorealism:A Structural Approach to CSDP
Neorealism — or ‘structural realism’ as it is sometimes known — is one of the most influential and theoretically sophisticated theories in international politics. Indeed, for much of the last twoExpand
Old Ideas for New Times: Radical History in International Political Economy
This article suggests that the field of international political economy ( IPE ) would benefit from greater engagement with radicalism. Radical political economy ( RPE ) continues to be a relevantExpand
Correspondence: Neoclassical Realism and Its Critics
In his article “On Systemic Paradigms and Domestic Politics,” Kevin Narizny criticizes neoclassical realism for incorporating domestic variables that are inconsistent with realist assumptions.1Expand
Forum: Rethinking Neoclassical Realism at Theory's End
This forum presents a snapshot of the current state of neoclassical realist theorizing. Its contributors are self-identified neoclassical realists who delineate their version of neoclassical realismExpand
Beyond the three ‘isms’: Rethinking IR and the post-cold war order
The division of IR theory into the ‘holy trinity’ of the three ‘isms’ (realism, liberalism and constructivism) is the most common classification of theories in the field. While this division hasExpand


Is Anybody Still a Realist?
Realism, the oldest and most prominent theoretical paradigm in international relations, is in trouble. The problem is not lack of interest. Realism remains the primary or alternative theory inExpand
The Origin of War in Neorealist Theory
Like most historians, many students of international politics have been skeptical about the possibility of creating a theory that might help one to understand and explain the international eventsExpand
Kant or Cant: The Myth of the Democratic Peace
  • C. Layne
  • Political Science, Computer Science
  • 1994
Democratic peace theory has also come to have a real-world importance as well: Policymakers who have embraced democratic peace theory see a crucial link between America’s security and the spread of democracy, which is viewed as the antidote that will prevent future wars. Expand
Has Realism Become Cost-Benefit Analysis?: A Review Essay
Has Realism Become Cost-Beneat Analysis? Contemporary realism is at a crossroads. If realist claims are deaned speciacally—predicating particular responses by nations to deaned patterns ofExpand
The long peace, the end of the cold war, and the failure of realism
Three of the more important international developments of the last half century are the “long peace” between the superpowers, the Soviet Union's renunciation of its empire and leading role as aExpand
America And Europe In An Era Of Change
What will the new world order look like? Will Europe and the United States continue in their tradition of interdependence and admiration or emerge as economic rivals, political strangers, andExpand
Kant, Liberalism, and War.
Many liberals of the nineteenth century, and their predecessors of the middle eighteenth, thought the natural condition of men to be one of harmony. Dissension and strife do not inhere in man andExpand
Liberal Democracy as a Global Phenomenon
world to provide a fair test. We might finally raise at least one more question of nomenclature here. The Communist Party hard-liners who tried to depose President Gorbachev in the coup of August,Expand
How Liberalism Produces Democratic Peace
democracies seldom if ever go to war against one another has nearly become a truism. The ”democratic peace” has attracted attention for a number of reasons. It is “the closest thing we have to anExpand
The Retreat of the State: The Diffusion of Power in the World Economy
In April 1970, Susan Strange published an article in the Chatham House review which challenged the mutual exclusivity of international economics and international politics.(f.1) The consequence was aExpand