Structural Cohesion and Equivalence Explanations of Social Homogeneity

  title={Structural Cohesion and Equivalence Explanations of Social Homogeneity},
  author={Noah E. Friedkin},
  journal={Sociological Methods \& Research},
  pages={235 - 261}
  • Noah E. Friedkin
  • Published 1 February 1984
  • Psychology
  • Sociological Methods & Research
This article is concerned with the problem of the relative contributions of structural cohesion and equivalence to the explanation of social homogeneity. Structural Cohesion models are explanatory models in that they are based on causal assumptions concerning the effects of structural cohesion upon individuals' attitudes and behaviors. The results of the present analysis indicate that direct and short indirect communication channels are critical components of cohesion models that largely… 

Cohesion, Structural Equivalence, and Similarity of Behavior: An Approach to the Study of Corporate Political Power

Political sociologists interested in corporate power have focused increasingly on the extent to which the business community is cohesive. Studies of cohesion, however, frequently contain either no

Structural cohesion and embeddedness: A hierarchical concept of social groups

While questions about social cohesion lie at the core of our discipline, no clear definition of cohesion exists. We present a definition of structural cohesion based on network connectivity that

Title Structural cohesion and embeddedness : A hierarchical concept of social groups Permalink

Although questions about social cohesion lie at the core of our discipline, definitions are often vague and difficult to operationalize. Here, research on social cohesion and social embeddedness is

Network Studies of Social Influence

Network analysts interested in social influence examine the social foundations for influence—the social relations that provide a basis for the alteration of an attitude or behavior by one network

Comparison of methods for positional analysis: Structural and general equivalences

This paper explores the conceptualization and measurement of social position in relational data. It is argued that social positions are evidenced in the interactions among individuals, which are

The cohesion effect of structural equivalence on global bilateral trade, 1948–2000

This article bridges two important approaches in the study of global trade – social network analysis and the gravity model – and examines how countries’ structural locations in the global trade

Capabilities and social cohesion

The paper connects the concepts of well-being and social cohesion. By using Sen's capability approach to well-being, and analysing the socio-psychological literature on cohesiveness in groups and

Social Contagion and Innovation: Cohesion versus Structural Equivalence

  • R. Burt
  • Economics
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1987
Two classes of network models are used to reanalyze a sociological classic often cited as evidence of social contagion in the diffusion of technological innovation: Medical Innovation. Debate between



Cohesion Versus Structural Equivalence as a Basis for Network Subgroups

Two basic approaches to network analysis are compared in terms of the network subgroups each produces. The relational approach, developing from traditional sociometry, focuses on relations between

“Structural Equivalence of Individuals in Social Networks”

The aim of this paper is to understand the interrelations among relations within concrete social groups. Social structure is sought, not ideal types, although the latter are relevant to

Social Structure from Multiple Networks. I. Blockmodels of Roles and Positions

Networks of several distinct types of social tie are aggregated by a dual model that partitions a population while simultaneously identifying patterns of relations. Concepts and algorithms are

An Input-Output Approach to Clique Identification

Interpersonal links in sociometric structures are interpreted as inputoutput channels for the transmission of influence. Magnitudes of influence flow generate objective indices of cohesiveness, which

Cliques, clubs and clans

In the analysis of social networks adequate concepts are necessary to indicate various types and configurations of social groups such as peer groups, coteries, acquaintance groups, etc. The problem

Elite Social Circles

We describe a method for locating the denser, or more cohesive, parts of networks. The method starts from the identification of cliques, or maximal complete subgraphs. Since there are numerous such

The Intersection of Social Circles

This paper proposes a different basis for such a measure-patterns of loyalty and affiliation-and presents and describes such an appropriate measure, based on the overlap of interpersonal environments, intended for application to the network study of social differentiation.

Career Attributes and Network Structure: A Blockmodel Study of a Biomedical Research Specialty

1974 "Forming composite scales and estimating their validity through factor analysis." Social Forces 5 3: 168-80. Spengler, Joseph J. 1963 "Demographic and economic change in the South, 1940-1960."