Strong El Niño events and nonlinear dynamical heating

@inproceedings{Jin2003StrongEN,
  title={Strong El Ni{\~n}o events and nonlinear dynamical heating},
  author={Fei-fei Jin and Soon-Il An and Axel Timmermann and Jingxia Zhao},
  year={2003}
}
[1] We present evidence showing that the nonlinear dynamic heating (NDH) in the tropical Pacific ocean heat budget is essential in the generation of intense El Niño events as well as the observed asymmetry between El Niño (warm) and La Niña (cold) events. The increase in NDH associated with the enhanced El Niño activity had an influence on the recent tropical Pacific warming trend and it might provide a positive feedback mechanism for climate change in the tropical Pacific. 
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