Stresses at the Cell Surface during Animal Cell Morphogenesis

  title={Stresses at the Cell Surface during Animal Cell Morphogenesis},
  author={Andrew G. Clark and Ortrud Wartlick and Guillaume Salbreux and Ewa K Paluch},
  journal={Current Biology},
Cell shape is determined by cellular mechanics. Cell deformations in animal cells, such as those required for cell migration, division or epithelial morphogenesis, are largely controlled by changes in mechanical stress and tension at the cell surface. The plasma membrane and the actomyosin cortex control surface mechanics and determine cell surface tension. Tension in the actomyosin cortex primarily arises from myosin-generated stresses and depends strongly on the ultrastructural architecture… CONTINUE READING
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