Stress-induced, highly efficient, donor cell-dependent cell-to-cell natural transformation in Bacillus subtilis.

Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is a driving force for bacterial evolution that occurs via conjugation, transduction, and transformation. Whereas conjugation and transduction depend on nonbacterial vehicles, transformation is considered a naturally occurring process in which naked DNA molecules are taken up by a competent recipient cell. Here, we report that… CONTINUE READING