Stress hormones in mammals and birds: comparative aspects regarding metabolism, excretion, and noninvasive measurement in fecal samples.

@article{Palme2005StressHI,
  title={Stress hormones in mammals and birds: comparative aspects regarding metabolism, excretion, and noninvasive measurement in fecal samples.},
  author={Rupert Palme and Sophie Rettenbacher and Chadi Touma and Sabry M. El-Bahr and Erich Moestl},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  year={2005},
  volume={1040},
  pages={162-71}
}
A multitude of endocrine mechanisms are involved in coping with challenges. Front-line hormones to overcome stressful situations are glucocorticoids (GCs) and catecholamines (CAs). These hormones are usually determined in plasma samples as parameters of adrenal activity and thus of disturbance. GCs (and CAs) are extensively metabolized and excreted… CONTINUE READING