Stress and the gastrointestinal tract.

  title={Stress and the gastrointestinal tract.},
  author={Vikram Bhatia and Rakesh Tandon},
  journal={Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology},
  volume={20 3},
Stress, defined as an acute threat to homeostasis, evokes an adaptive or allostatic response and can have both a short- and long-term influence on the function of the gastrointestinal tract. The enteric nervous system is connected bidirectionally to the brain by parasympathetic and sympathetic pathways forming the brain-gut axis. The neural network of the brain, which generates the stress response, is called the central stress circuitry and includes the paraventricular nucleus of the… CONTINUE READING
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