Stress and open-office noise.

  title={Stress and open-office noise.},
  author={Gary W. Evans and D Johnson},
  journal={The Journal of applied psychology},
  volume={85 5},
Forty female clerical workers were randomly assigned to a control condition or to 3-hr exposure to low-intensity noise designed to simulate typical open-office noise levels. The simulated open-office noise elevated workers' urinary epinephrine levels, but not their norepinephrine or cortisol levels, and it produced behavioral aftereffects (fewer attempts at unsolvable puzzles) indicative of motivational deficits. Participants were also less likely to make ergonomic, postural adjustments in… 

Tables from this paper

Relationship between noise and job stress at a private thread spinning company

Noise exposure is one of the major occupational hazards in many places, and has several health effects, including hearing loss and psychological effects such as sleep disturbances and mental stress.

Stress reactions to cognitively demanding tasks and open-plan office noise

Cognitively demanding work tasks were associated with changes in HRV, systolic blood pressure and EMG that reflects increased sympathetic activity in the autonomic nervous system, andPsychophysiological measures reflected the mental load imposed by cognitive work tasks.

Effect of occupational noise on the nocturnal sleep architecture of healthy subjects.

It can be concluded that workers exposed to loud background occupational noise are at an increased risk of having poor quality sleep but adaptation to this effect probably takes place after a few years.

Effect of occupational noise on the nocturnal sleep architecture of healthy subjects.

It can be concluded that workers exposed to loud background occupational noise are at an increased risk of having poor quality sleep but adaptation to this effect probably takes place after a few years.

Cognitive test performance following exposure to noise in an open-office simulation study

Noise in open-plan offices may increase mental fatigue of the employees at the end of the day, and there were slight differences in test performance between groups reporting being disturbed by noise for more or less than 50% of the time in their normal open office environment.

Is Noise Exposure in Non-Industrial Work Environments Associated with Increased Sickness Absence?

It is concluded that based on the level of the current evidence an association between occupational noise exposure of low to moderate level and sickness absence is possible, but to settle the question more high quality studies are needed.

Performance, fatigue and stress in open-plan offices: the effects of noise and restoration on hearing impaired and normal hearing individuals.

The impact of noise and restorative conditions varied with the hearing characteristics of the participants, with impaired performance for tasks that involve recall of semantic information and higher stress hormone levels during the high noise compared to the low noise condition.

Chronic Exposure to Noise in Industry

A field study (N = 62) is reported comparing two industries that had comparably high noise levels during the pretest phase; one of the two factories was subsequently moved to a new site with strongly

Cognitive After‐effects of Vibration and Noise Exposure and the Role of Subjective Noise Sensitivity

The combined data revealed performance degradation in the attention task after exposure to vibration, regardless as to whether it was presented alone or in combination with noise.



Noise, physiology, and human performance: the potential role of effort.

Both self-report and epinephrine level confirmed the effort manipulation and showed that it was orthogonal to noise levels, which support the adaptive costs hypothesis and have practical implications for industry.

Cognitive and Arousal Effects of Masking Office Noise

To test the effects of masked and unmasked office noise on arousal, stress and cognitive performance, each of three groups of 15 student volunteers was exposed to one of the following conditions:

Office Noise, Satisfaction, and Performance

A field study assessed disturbance by office noise in relation to environmental satisfaction, job satisfaction, and jot performance ratings among 2,391 employees at 58 sites before and/or after

Chronic Noise Exposure and Physiological Response: A Prospective Study of Children Living Under Environmental Stress

Data collected before and after the inauguration of a major new international airport in noise-impacted and comparison communities show that noise significantly elevates stress among children at ambient levels far below those necessary to produce hearing damage.

Review: extraaural health effects of chronic noise exposure in humans.

It is concluded that the quality of the research remains inadequate or inadequately reported for quantifying noise-induced risk and Prospective studies whose design accounts for potential confounding variables and effect modifiers are required before useful inferences may be drawn.

The effect of intermittent noise on cardiovascular functioning during vigilance task performance.

The results indicated that intermittent noise significantly increased diastolic and mean blood pressure and heart rate and for the variables that were significantly affected by the noise presentations there was no evidence of response habituation over the task period.

Aftereffects of stress on human performance and social behavior: a review of research and theory.

  • S. Cohen
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1980
A review of experimental and correlational studies of the aftereffects of stress on performance suggests that these effects occur as a consequence of a wide range of unpredictable , uncontrollable

Psychosocial stressors at work and musculoskeletal problems.

Psychosocial stressors are not only associated with psychosomatic complaints and health indicators, but also with musculoskeletal problems, both acute and chronic.

Psychophysiological stress and emg activity of the trapezius muscle

The results are consistent with the assumption that psychological stress plays a role in musculoskeletal disorders by increasing muscular tension both in low-load work situations and in the absence of physical load.

Environmental Stress and Health

In this chapter, we critically review the health effects of environmental stressors. To keep the scope of this discussion manageable, we limit our domain in several ways. First, although we will