Stress Modulates Illness-Course of Substance Use Disorders: A Translational Review

@inproceedings{Lijffijt2014StressMI,
  title={Stress Modulates Illness-Course of Substance Use Disorders: A Translational Review},
  author={Marijn Lijffijt and Kesong Hu and Alan C. Swann},
  booktitle={Front. Psychiatry},
  year={2014}
}
Childhood trauma and post-childhood chronic/repeated stress could increase the risk of a substance use disorder by affecting five stages of addiction illness-course: (a) initial experimentation with substances; (b) shifting from experimental to regular use; (c) escalation from regular use to abuse or dependence; (d) motivation to quit; and (e) risk of (re-)lapse. We reviewed the human literature on relationships between stress and addiction illness-course. We explored per illness-course stage… CONTINUE READING
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