Streptococcus pyogenes Sortase Mutants Are Highly Susceptible to Killing by Host Factors Due to Aberrant Envelope Physiology

@article{Raz2015StreptococcusPS,
  title={Streptococcus pyogenes Sortase Mutants Are Highly Susceptible to Killing by Host Factors Due to Aberrant Envelope Physiology},
  author={Assaf Raz and Ana Tanasescu and Anna M. Zhao and Anna Claudia Marques Serrano and Tricia Alston and Asaf Sol and Gilad Bachrach and Vincent A. Fischetti},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2015},
  volume={10}
}
Cell wall anchored virulence factors are critical for infection and colonization of the host by Gram-positive bacteria. Such proteins have an N-terminal leader sequence and a C-terminal sorting signal, composed of an LPXTG motif, a hydrophobic stretch, and a few positively charged amino acids. The sorting signal halts translocation across the membrane, allowing sortase to cleave the LPXTG motif, leading to surface anchoring. Deletion of sortase prevents the anchoring of virulence factors to the… 

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