Streptococcus pneumoniae: epidemiology and risk factors, evolution of antimicrobial resistance, and impact of vaccines

@article{Lynch2010StreptococcusPE,
  title={Streptococcus pneumoniae: epidemiology and risk factors, evolution of antimicrobial resistance, and impact of vaccines},
  author={Joseph P. Lynch and George G. Zhanel},
  journal={Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine},
  year={2010},
  volume={16},
  pages={217–225}
}
  • J. LynchG. Zhanel
  • Published 1 April 2010
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
Purpose of review Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) remains an important cause of pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremias, and acute otitis media worldwide. Antimicrobial resistance among pneumococci has escalated dramatically over the past three decades, and is influenced by patterns of antibiotic use, population density, and spread of a few international clones. Recent findings Globally, antimicrobial resistance among pneumococci spread rapidly in the 1990s, reflecting dissemination of a few… 

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Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the Philippines, 2004-2011

The serotype distribution in the Philippines remained stable from 2004 to 2011 and antimicrobial resistance among the isolates remained low and the serotypes of antibiotic resistant S. pneumoniae in this study were not similar with known serotype resistance profiles in other Asian countries.

Antibiotic Sensitivity of Streptococcus Pneumoniae that Isolated from Different Pneumococcal Infections

The results showed that not only S. pneumoniae causes pneumonia and it can causes diseases other than pneumonia such as otitis media and meningitis but with less frequency, and it should be avoided in the treatment in addition to tazobactam, amikacin, gentamicin, which had lowest rates susceptibility.
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