Streptococci-human papilloma virus interaction with ethanol exposure leads to keratinocyte damage.


PURPOSE Ethanol, human papilloma virus (HPV), and poor oral hygiene are risk factors that have been attributed to oral carcinogenesis. Streptococci sp and HPV infections are common in the head and neck, often associated with sexual activity. Although HPV is linked to head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, it is unclear whether there is a similar role for… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.joms.2011.08.005


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