Strengthening families through early intervention in high HIV prevalence countries

  title={Strengthening families through early intervention in high HIV prevalence countries},
  author={Upjeet Chandan and Linda Marleine Richter},
  journal={AIDS Care},
  pages={76 - 82}
Abstract Families have been at the forefront of the response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in high-prevalence countries. They have also borne the greatest costs associated with the epidemic, including impoverishment, which has strained their capacity to care for vulnerable members. Within this context, there is consensus that strengthening the capacity of families to care for children is one of the most important strategies for mitigating the impacts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic on children's lives in… 

Interventions to improve psychosocial well-being for children affected by HIV and AIDS: a systematic review

A systematic review to identify studies that assess the effectiveness of interventions developed to improve the psychosocial well-being of children affected by HIV/AIDS, published between January 2008 and February 2016 found 15 showed some significant benefits of the intervention, while 2 showed no difference to psychossocial outcomes.

A randomized clinical trial of an intervention to promote resilience in young children of HIV-positive mothers in South Africa

This is the first study demonstrating benefits of an intervention designed to promote resilience among young children of HIV-positive mothers and has the potential to benefit large numbers of children, if it can be widely implemented.

Tangible skill building and HIV youth prevention intervention in rural South Africa

Investigation of contextual factors associated with HIV knowledge, attitudes and practice in a rural community of South Africa suggests that contextual factors have an impact on sexual behaviour and self-efficacy as well as on attitudes towards condom use and reading scores.

HIV Among Adolescents in the United States in the Twenty-First Century: Learning to Manage a Chronic Illness

In the twenty-first century HIV treatment with antiretroviral (ART) medication is the key to prevention and longevity for infected adolescents and Behavioral approaches to living well with HIV are effective and needed.

From patient to person: the need for an ‘HIV trajectories’ perspective in the delivery of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission services

It is called for the adoption of an ‘HIV trajectories’ perspective that can help assess the comprehensiveness of care provided to women, children and families affected by HIV and can inform the planning and delivery of HIV and related services so that they more adequately respond to the varying needs of clients on different ‘hIV trajectory’.

The Role of Parenting in Affecting the Behavior and Adaptive Functioning of Young Children of HIV-Infected Mothers in South Africa

Investigating the relationships between mothers’ psychological functioning, parenting, and children’s behavioral outcomes and functioning in a population of women living with HIV in Tshwane, South Africa revealed that maternal depression is related to increased parenting stress and parent–child dysfunction.

Community-based care of children affected by AIDS in Swaziland: a gender-aware analysis

The results indicate that support for community-based responses will be enhanced by acknowledging and addressing the highly gendered nature of care-related labour and social power, and that increasing access to material resources including food, caregiver stipends and labour-saving technologies, is essential.

The use of the 'OVC' term and its impact on the care and support of children in need in South Africa

The results indicate that the term's interpretation focuses on children directly affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic, orphans and/or children living with an ill parent, at the exclusion of the larger number of children made vulnerable by their socio-economic situations.

Coping in an HIV/AIDS-dominated context: teachers promoting resilience in schools.

It is theorized that the core of systemic networks is relationships, that relationship-driven support networks mitigate the effects of cumulative risk and school-based networks can enable schools to function as resilience-promoting resources.



The nurse-family partnership: An evidence-based preventive intervention.

  • D. Olds
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Infant mental health journal
  • 2006
This article summarizes a 27-year program of research that has attempted to improve early maternal and child health and future life options with prenatal and infancy home visiting by nurses for low-income mothers who have had no previous live births.

Expanding the care continuum for HIV/AIDS: bringing carers into focus.

The economic concept of the 'care economy' provides a useful lens through which to view the HIV/AIDS pandemic, as it illuminates the increased labour, time and other demands placed upon households and shows that the assumptions on which norms and expectations of care provision are based are increasingly being challenged.

Maternal well-being, childcare and child adjustment in the context of HIV/AIDS: What does the psychological literature say?

This paper outlines the findings of the psychosocial and psychological literature on the impact of mothers and primary caregivers’ HIV infection on maternal well-being, childcare and child

A Generation at Risk: The Global Impact of HIV/AIDS on Orphans and Vulnerable Children

This publication helps to understand the impacts of HIV/AIDS on OVC in the family and community-based care, households and communities; needs of OVC and responses in the educational system; psychosocial impact on children and youth; human rights of children affected by HIV/ AIDS; and religion and responses to OVC.

Babies of a pandemic

It is known that the early years of life are crucial for a child’s development, and it is likely that maternal HIV disrupts the rearing environment, thereby putting these children at risk.

Enhanced protection for children affected by AIDS. A companion paper to The Framework for the Protection Care and Support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children Living in a World with HIV and AIDS.

All children have the right to protection but the risks for children increase when their families are poor when children lack access to basic services or are stigmatized within their communities, which makes them particularly vulnerable to protection violations.

Economic causes and effects of AIDS in South African households

AIDS deaths and illnesses predicted declining expenditure and poverty predicted AIDS, suggesting that both welfare and effective treatment are needed.

The effectiveness of early head start for 3-year-old children and their parents: lessons for policy and programs.

Regression-adjusted impact analyses showed that 3-year-old program children performed better than did control children in cognitive and language development, displayed higher emotional engagement of the parent and sustained attention with play objects, and were lower in aggressive behavior.

Extended family caring for children orphaned by AIDS: balancing essential work and caregiving in a high HIV prevalence nations

It is made clear that if families are to provide adequate care for orphans while economically surviving there needs to be increases in social supports and improvements in working conditions.